urban planning

urban planning

Planning Methods—Supplemental Exam #2 INSTRUCTIONS

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All questions are short-answer questions, meaning they should be answered using

complete sentences in the form of a well-constructed paragraph(s). Bullet-points

are NOT acceptable answers. DO NOT cut-and-paste directly from the PowerPoint

slides. Formulate your answers using your own words.

As per the syllabus, “exams are intended to reflect your own individual

comprehension of the main points and key concepts from the course.” Your answers

on this exam must therefore reflect your individual work, not that of a “group”

effort.

THE EXAM QUESTIONS

10/15

Briefly explain the purpose of trend extrapolation, and drawbacks of these

population projection methods.

Briefly explain the differences between the share of growth and shift-share

population projection methods, as well as the weaknesses of both methods.

Briefly explain the best practices for conducting population projections in

planning discussed in class.

10/22

Briefly explain the types of descriptive vs. subjective land use analyses commonly

used in land use planning.

Briefly explain the purpose and benefits of a relational database, and the four

types of relationships.

Briefly explain the factors to consider in a land suitability analysis, the rules

for scoring factor attributes, and the importance of weighing the factors.

10/29

Briefly explain what NEPA requires, as well as what it does not require.

Briefly explain Executive Order 12898, including what it does and does not provide.

Briefly explain the four principles for incorporating EJ analysis into NEPA, and

limitations of a finding of disproportionate impact.

10. Briefly explain the opportunities for public participation during the NEPA

review process.

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11/5

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11. Briefly explain the economic base theory, and how injections of exogenous

demand produce a multiplier effect.

12. Briefly explain the purpose of a regional economic profile, what it contains,

and sources of data and their limitations

13. Briefly explain the four weaknesses of the LQ method, based on the assumptions

it makes.

14. Briefly explain the difference between static vs. dynamic economic base

analysis, and provide examples of both.

11/12

15. Briefly describe the street classifications that makes up a typical street

network, and how the purpose of these streets varies across the classification

system.

16. Briefly explain the purpose of a traffic impact analysis, and how it differs

from the purpose of the Urban Transportation Modeling system (UTMS).

17. Briefly explain the pre-modeling steps of the Urban Transportation Modeling

system (UTMS) that must take place, and how the model is calibrated prior to use.

18. Briefly explain the purpose of the gravity model in the Urban Transportation

Modeling system (UTMS), as well as the gravity model’s assumptions.

19. Briefly explain the issues associated with Euclidian vs. network-based

buffering in transit accessibility analysis. 20. Briefly explain the Modifiable

Area Unit Problem (MAUP) that can occur during transit accessibility analysis.

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