project managment

1.Choosing the right supplier and negotiating the right contract is important. Which one of the following does not have any bearing on this task?

a.StHaving a clear understanding of what needs to be bought
b.Asking multiple companies to compete for the opportunity to supply
c.Verifying previous experiences of the companies prior to final selection
d.Knowing the ethnic background of the company shortlisted to be a potential supplier


  1. Project plans must be realistic and useful. This requires the time and effort of very experienced people. What is the primary objective of project plans?
a.To clarify all the project details
b.To guide project execution
c.To share the project related information
d.To measure the success of the project
  1. A project requires testing to be carried out with special tools. The project manager decides to outsource the testing. Why?
a.To reduce the recurrent testing costs
b.To access specific skills and technologies that are temporarily required
c.To allow the project team to focus on development and correcting problems
d.To ensure that all the tests are carried out as specified in the contract
  1. The project sponsor suggested that the project manager can quickly prepare the project cost estimate because the organization has executed similar projects before. What cost estimation technique should the project manager use?
a.Analogous estimate
b.Bottom-up estimate
c.Three-point estimate
d.Parametric estimate
  1. You are considering opening a restaurant. Before you plan the project you want to do a SWOT analysis to determine if it is a good move. Which one of the following should be categorized as opportunity?
a.RYou are trained as a master chef
b.This is your first business venture
c.A restaurant is for sale in a heavy foot traffic area
d.Other restaurants in the area offer similar cuisine



  1. Project management processes can be categorized into 5 groups. Of the 5 project management process groups which group’s activities usually takes up most of the project duration and resources?
c.Monitoring and controlling
  1. One of the methods for selecting project(s) is based on the impetus for a project. Your organization is a leader in a specific market. A new technology will provide a higher ROI in 3 years. Your organization decides to use this new technology. What is the motivating impetus behind this move?
  1. A project manager encounters a major challenge in the project. What is the first step the project manager should take to mitigate the problem?
a.Implement a solution
b.Make a recommendation
c.Evaluate the impact
d.Rally the team
  1. Increased number of communication channels increases the complexity of communication. Which of the following is a better approach that project managers can use to reduce this challenge of having multiple communication channels?
a.Adopt one form of communication such as email
b.Always have written record of all communication
c.Reduce the interactions among team members
d.Limit team or sub-team size
  1. In which stage of the Tuckman model of team development is the team able to manage complex tasks and cope with great change?




  1. There are three broad classifications for communication methods – InteractivePush, and Pull. Which of the following communication methods can be classified as push communication?
d.Phone call
  1. Use of project management within organizations has increased because it brings many advantages. Which one of the following is not an advantage emanating from good project management?
a.Lower borrowing costs
b.Increased customer satisfaction
c.Higher staff productivity
d.Better quality of output
  1. Communication is among the more important factors for success in project management. What change should management consider to improve an organization’s ability to communicate?
  1. Resource leveling is a technique for resolving resource conflicts by delaying tasks. Which one of the following is a direct benefit of resource leveling?
a.Faster completion
b.Lower cost
c.Higher quality
d.Improved morale
  1. Projects require a lot of documentation. However, many intelligent people have a hard time writing a performance report or preparing a 10 minute technical presentation for a customer review. What can make it easier for project team members who have never had to write project documents to repetitively create commonly required documents?



  1. An organization reduces its expenses by outsourcing the routine, low value activities such as cleaning and security. Why is the supplier able to provide the service at a lower cost?
a.Supplier has access to suitable people
b.Supplier can avoid costs of hiring
c.Supplier is able to use economies of scale
d.Supplier is contractually bound to do so
  1. You would like to assess the quality of the work performed by your project team members. You want to create a diagram/chart displaying the number of errors per measure of work for each member. Which one of the Seven Basic Tools of Quality will be most suitable to analyze this data?
a.Fishbone diagram
b.Flow chart
c.Control chart
  1. Your project is expected to give your organization a competitive edge. You decide to use internal staff, instead of outsourced employees, in this project. Why do you not want to use staff from outside suppliers?
a.To locate the staff in the same
b.To keep costs under control
c.To reduce the risk of losing key staff
d.To protect the strategic information
  1. A project manager has to decide whether to purchase or lease an equipment. To purchase, the investment cost is $5,000 and the daily cost is $25. On the other hand, the daily lease cost is $125. When will the lease cost match the purchase cost?
  1. Which one of the following is not a tool used for controlling project schedules?
a.Resource leveling
b.Earned value analysis
c.Performance reviews
d.Cause-and-effect diagrams




  1. You need to buy standard materials for use in your multiyear project. The price of the material can fluctuate based on market conditions. What type of contract will be the most suitable for this purchase?
b.Fixed-price incentive fee
c.Fixed-price with economic price adjustment
  1. Virtual teams are made up of people who are geographically spread and could be working at different times. Which one of the following is difficult to do with virtual teams?
a.Improve employee productivity by reducing the need to travel to work
b.Add expertise at lower rates because of increase in size of labor pool
c.Reduce fixed costs as office space is not required
d.Facilitate informal information transfer through networking among team members
  1. Power is the ability to influence behavior to get people to do things they would not otherwise do. With reference to French and Raven’s classification of the five types of power, which type is used by a project manager who gets a task done using the position of authority?
a.Expert power
b.Legitimate power
c.Referent power
d.Coercive power
  1. The task dependency between two tasks indicates at what stage of the first task the second task would begin or end. There are four types of task dependencies. Which one of the following is the most common type of dependency?
a.Start-to-finish dependency
b.Finish-to-finish dependency
c.Finish-to-start dependency
d.Start-to-start dependency
  1. At the testing stage of the project, you are viewing the list of items that need to be validated. The tests have been categorized according to scope aspects, which include functionality, system outputs, performance, and so on. This set of tests include load testing, which is to confirm if the product still functions without breaking under specified extreme conditions. What scope aspect is this test set validating?


  1. Meetings that are conducted well can build the credibility of the project team. Which one of the following is a not a sign of a well planned meeting?
a.Purpose of the meeting is defined
b.Participants are allowed to invite other participants
c.Agenda for the meeting is distributed ahead of time
d.The rules for the meeting are laid out at the start
  1. Ethics guides us to choose between right and wrong even though the law does not say anything about it. Which one of the following indicates ethical behavior by a project manager?
a.Hire friends because their loyalty is assured
b.Document the reasons for any project related decisions
c.Procure the project claiming experience and then figure out how to do it
d.Listen to the views of team members and take credit for whatever is good
  1. Doing procurement functions electronically is termed e-procurement. What type of e-procurement facilitates purchasing goods and services from a number of known or unknown suppliers?
d.e-reverse auctioning
  1. A responsibility assignment matrix maps the work of the project to the people responsible for performing the work. Which one of the following items is a prerequisite to create this matrix?
a.Reliability accountability matrix
b.Responsibility accountability matrix
c.Organizational breakdown structure
d.Resource histogram
  1. In the planning stage of a project, the project manager decides that procurement management is not required in the project. What was the reason for this decision?
a.Bad experience in working with outside suppliers
b.All resource requirements are already met internally
c.Environment is not suitable for procurement
d.Team members do not like to get outside help




  1. Project managers use many tools, techniques and skills to manage the 10 knowledge areas of the project. Which one of the following tools is useful in managing the project human resources?
a.Alternatives generation
b.Performance appraisals
c.Trend analysis
d.Market research
  1. Which type of cost-reimbursable contract is prohibited for U.S. government use?
a.Cost plus percentage of costs contract
b.Cost plus award fee contract
c.Cost plus fixed fee contract
d.Cost plus incentive fee contract
  1. As the procurement comes to an end, a project manager should close procurements. At this stage it is important to identify the lessons learned in the entire procurement process. Which tool should be used for this task?
a.Records management system
b.Change requests
c.Closed procurements
d.Procurement audit
  1. While managing a project, you delegate a team member to liaise with a supplier. This team member asks the supplier to urgently make certain changes to the specification and deliver for a presentation. What is the term for this team member’s action?
a.Change order
b.Change request
c.Constructive change order
d.Constructive change request
  1. Why would contractors not like the cost of their service to reach the Point of Total Assumption (PTA) in a fixed-price incentive contract?
a.It is difficult for contractors to calculate the PTA
b.Contractors will lose the contract when the PTA is reached
c.Reaching the PTA implies contractors are responsible for all project costs
d.All costs above the PTA needs to be paid by the contractors




  1. The Earned Value (EV) of a project at its current stage is 4,000 and its corresponding Planned Value (PV) is 3,000. If the original schedule of the project was 12 months, what is the current estimated time to complete?
a.6 months
b.9 months
c.10 months
d.16 months
  1. Unit pricing can be advantageous to both the buyer and the seller. What benefit does unit pricing offer to the buyer?
a.Buyer has flexibility on payment terms
b.Buyer has flexibility to change the specifications of the unit
c.Buyer has flexibility with number of units need to be bought
d.Buyer has flexibility in offering incentives
  1. A new technology platform has become available. Your organization decides to adopt this new platform with the aim to become an industry leader. What attitude towards risk does your organization have?
  1. You have negotiated the fee for an executive recruitment firm that includes an amount to cover the costs plus a percentage of the annual salary of the hire. What type is this contract?
a.Fixed-price incentive fee contract
b.Cost plus percentage of costs contract
c.Time and material contracts
d.Cost plus incentive fee contract
  1. You are archiving the outputs from one of the four main processes of project procurement management. You are using a checklist of the outputs that are normally expected from this process. This checklist does not include the “change requests” documents. Which main process of project procurement management will not have “change requests” as an output?
a.Closing procurements
b.Controlling procurements
c.Conducting procurements
d.Planning procurement management



  1. The items at the lowest level of the Work Breakdown Structures (WBS) are the work packages. The following options except one are reasons for defining the work package at the proper level. Which option does not belong to this list?
a.To assign responsibility
b.To evaluate the quality of the results
c.To estimate the cost of resources required
d.To estimate the effort required
  1. It is important for project managers to get sufficient user input while preparing the project scope documents. This will avoid expensive scope changes and increase customer satisfaction. Which one of the following is a disadvantage in getting good user input?
a.Regular meetings between users and project teams
b.Email is the primary mode of communication between project team and users
c.Project sponsor comes from the user organization
d.Users embedded in the project team
  1. You are analyzing a project using the three-sphere model for systems management which requires viewing it from the following three perspectives – business, organization and technology. Which one of the following is organization related?
a.Type of equipment
b.Return on investment
c.Composition of team
d.Profit margin
  1. Tools based on motivation theories are used to assess the motivators of different people. Which tool asks subjects to write a spontaneous story for a series of ambiguous pictures in order to measure their individual needs?
a.Thematic Apperception Test
b.Temperament  Sorter
c.MBTI Test
d.DISC Profile
  1. Suppliers are selected during the conducting procurement process. This is often called source selection. Which one of the following is not a source selection activity?
a.Evaluating bids from sellers
b.Writing the contract
c.Negotiating the contract
d.Awarding the contract